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18th C. Russian Bronze Enameled Cross

Eastern Europe, Russia, ca. 18th century CE. A cast-bronze cross with an integral suspension loop, four rod-shaped beams of light radiating from the exterior corners, and an interior Orthodox cross flanked by the symbolic spear and vinegar stick, two instruments of the Passion. The monogram uPbC (King of Glory) sits above the interior cross, and IC XC (Jesus Christ) is on each respective lateral end. Underneath the slanted crossbar is the image of Adam's skull in the cave, and the monogram MP (the place of the skull has become paradise) is beneath that. Though faded, the verso displays a floral and five-heart design representative of the five wounds suffered by Christ during the Crucifixion. A russet-hued patina has formed across the entire surface, and as complemented nicely by remnants of the original yellow and black enamel designs. Size: 1.3" W x 2.125" H (3.3 cm x 5.4 cm).

Condition: Age-commensurate surface wear, very slight bending to overall form, fading to lettering and details, remnants of original enamel designs on obverse side, and russet-hued patina throughout. Integral suspension loop as shown.

Provenance: private Orange County, California, USA collection

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