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18th C. Russian Bronze Cross - Expanded Periphery

Eastern Europe, Russia, ca. 18th century CE. A cast-bronze cross with an expanded peripheral border, a pierced suspension loop, and an interior Orthodox cross flanked by the symbolic spear and vinegar stick, two instruments of the Passion. Above the interior cross is the monogram for King of Glory (UPb CBp); to either respective lateral side is IC XC (Jesus Christ), and below the main crossbar reads HN KT KA (Conqueror, Spear, Stick). The image beneath the interior cross represents Adam's skull in the cave, and the monogram MAPE (the place of the cross has become paradise) is underneath. The expanded obverse periphery as well as the faded verso display the first verse of Psalm 68 in Cyrillic which, when translated, reads, "Let God arise, let His enemies be scattered, let those also that hate Him flee before Him." A lustrous brown patina has formed across both sides. Size: 1.4" W x 2.25" H (3.6 cm x 5.7 cm).

Condition: Age-commensurate surface wear, slightly faded details, with lustrous brown patina throughout. Integral suspension loop as shown.

Provenance: private Orange County, California, USA collection

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