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18th C. Russian Bronze Cross

Eastern Europe, Russia, ca. 18th century CE. A cast-bronze cross with an integral suspension loop, four light rays extending from the exterior corners, and an interior Orthodox cross flanked by the spear and vinegar stick, two instruments of the Passion. The monogram uPbC (King of Glory) is above the interior cross, IC XC (Jesus Christ) is on each respective lateral terminal, and MAPE (the place of the cross has become paradise) is below the image of Adam's skull in the cave. The main interior crossbar displays two Cyrillic quotes; when translated, the first says, "the sun hid its light and the moon turned into blood;" and the second states, "Before Thy cross we bow down O Master, and Thy Holy Resurrection we glorify." The verso has a heart-and-diamond motif, and the entire cross has a lovely golden-brown patina. Size: 1.3" W x 2.25" H (3.3 cm x 5.7 cm).

Condition: Age-commensurate surface wear, slight bending to exterior light rays, fading to lettering and details, and golden-brown patina throughout. Integral suspension loop as shown.

Provenance: private Orange County, California, USA collection

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