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19th C. Russian Icon - Crucifixion & 4 Scenes

Eastern Europe, Russia, ca. 19th century CE. Delineated in egg tempera, gold leaf, and gesso on wood, a composite icon depicting the Crucified Christ with the Holy Ghost as a white dove and God the Father above, Mary and Anne to the sides, and the skull and crossbones of Golgotha below. From the upper left in a clockwise direction, four icons occupy the quadrants created by the negative space of the Cross, including the Mother of God, Pantocrator Christ, St. Nicholas, and a Virgin of the Burning Bush. Size: 17.375" L x 13.75" W (44.1 cm x 34.9 cm)

Icons (icon means "image" in Greek) are sacred objects within the Eastern Orthodox Christian tradition. Found in homes as well as churches, these painted images depict holy persons and saints as well as illustrate scenes from the Scriptures. Icons are not worshiped, but are instead venerated for their ability to focus the power of an individual's prayer to God. As such they are truly "windows into heaven."

Condition: Icon is comprised of two large wood panels that separated at one point in time and were stabilized. Surface wear with losses to pigment, gesso, and gilding as shown. Some visible fissures.

Provenance: private Ventura County, California, USA collection

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