Loading..

Product was successfully added to your shopping cart.





19th C. Russian Enameled Brass Three-Bar Cross

$395.00
Eastern Europe, Russia, ca. 19th century CE. A cast-brass, three-bar cross with the crucified Christ taking central place with smaller scenes depicting his life surrounding him in low relief creating the detailed, ornate effect that is so common to Orthodox religious art. The cross has twin panels hanging down from the central bar of the cross and depict the Virgin Mary and three saints, and five square scenes from Christ's life placed around the upper bar flanked by six symbols of the of the Holy Spirit. Areas of inlaid cobalt blue, pale sky-blue, and opaque white enamel bring forth the background and give depth to the cross. Size: 3.7" W x 7.875" H (9.4 cm x 20 cm).

The three-barred cross is the most symbolic and common shape in the Orthodox Church. The short topmost bar represents the sign reading "This is the King of the Jews" from Luke 23:38 that was nailed to the top of Christ's cross; the short bottom-most bar represents the foot rest on Christ's cross. This is depicted as slanted because it is believed that, in Christ's final moments, he kicked it out of place. The right-side points upward to Heaven and the left side points downward to Hell. Here the uppermost bar contains a scene from heaven; the lower bar a scene on earth. At the bottom of the cross is a skull which represents the skull of Adam, and below his feet are four letters meaning, "The place of the skull has become Paradise," to remind us that Adam lost Paradise through forbidden knowledge, and that Christ will return us to it.

Condition: Two small perforations near Christ's left hand. Minor nicks and abrasions to arms, relief details, base, and verso, slight bending to overall form, with fading and losses to some inlaid enamel decorations, and softening to finer details, otherwise intact and very good. Light earthen deposits and fine patina throughout.

Provenance: private Orange County, California, USA collection

All items legal to buy/sell under U.S. Statute covering cultural patrimony Code 2600, CHAPTER 14, and are guaranteed to be as described or your money back.

A Certificate of Authenticity will accompany all purchases

We ship worldwide and handle all shipping in-house for your convenience.
#128555

guaranteed authenticity

in-house shipping

knowledge & experience