Ancient Rome produced art that spanned nearly 1,000 years, the earliest examples emerging around 509 BCE with the founding of the Roman Republic, with works created until about 330 CE or beyond if one includes Byzantine art. Well documented is the fact that the Romans did not hesitate to adopt visual ideas from surrounding Mediterranean cultures such as the Greeks, Etruscans, and Egyptians as well as cultures encountered elsewhere in Europe. However, the Romans were also quite innovative and introduced new ideas such as an emphasis on veristic rather than idealistic portraiture during the Republican era when patrons favored depictions that presented nearly every wrinkle and flaw. Of course art of the Imperial Period modeled itself upon Greek Classical and Hellenistic art; however, it also introduced an emphasis on militaristic might and exploits. Finally, the Romans’ inventive approach to new forms such as free-blown glasswork is undeniable.